Updated September 2019

States are adopting the federal ELD rules for intrastate commerce. Updated 9/2019.

Jill Schultz - DOT Editor - J. J. Keller & Associates, Inc.

February 08 , 2019

Today, most interstate drivers of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) are required to use electronic logging devices (ELDs) to record their hours of service. Currently, many states are in the process of updating their intrastate adoptions of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to include the ELD requirements.

What is Intrastate Commerce?

Two things are considered when establishing transportation as intrastate: first, the actual movement of the driver, vehicle and its contents; and second, the intent and movement of the shipment.  Intrastate commerce includes:
• Not crossing state lines
• Not traveling over the border into and/or from Canada or Mexico, and
• Traveling between two places within a state, and the cargo is not part of a trip that began or will end in another state or foreign country.

Why Adopt?

States have three years from the effective date of a regulation to adopt intrastate regulations that are compatible with the federal requirements. If a state’s intrastate regulation is not compatible, the state risks losing millions of dollars in federal assistance directed to its motor carrier enforcement program. Rarely does a state adopt a regulation that is not compatible.

Do Intrastate Operations Need ELDs?

When it comes to the issue of whether intrastate operations need ELDs, it isn’t a matter of “if,” but a matter of “when.” If your state hasn’t adopted ELDs for intrastate operations yet, it will be coming soon. Being prepared is the best course of action, as a state’s adoption can become effective in a relatively short period of time. Having ELDs in place and making sure your intrastate drivers know how to use them will ensure you are in compliance when the time comes.

Intrastate ELD Adoptions

The following states have adopted the ELD requirements for drivers of property-carrying CMVs. Note that applicability of the requirements can vary from state-to-state.


Effective Date

Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Washington, Wyoming 12/18/2017
Alaska 12/6/2018
Arizona 5/1/2018
Florida 10/1/2019 - placardable hazmat
12/31/2019 - non-hazardous cargo
Georgia 1/1/2019
AOBRDs installed prior to 12/18/2017 may be used until 12/16/2019
Illinois 12/19/2017
Oregon Currently in effect
Yes (placardable hazmat)
No (non-hazardous cargo)
Texas 12/16/2019
Minnesota, New York, North Dakota, Virginia Currently in effect


The following states have not yet adopted the ELD requirements for drivers of property-carrying CMVs. Adoption for intrastate operations is expected in the near future.


Current Status

California Proposed rule expected to be issued at later date
Hawaii ELDs are not required per §395.1(i)
Idaho Proposal expected to be issued at later date
Maryland Not required per TA 25-111
Oregon Yes (placardable hazmat)
No (non-hazardous cargo)
Wisconsin Proposed rule expected to be issued at later date


This list is current as of September 24, 2019.


ELD Transition Guidance From Fleets That Know

Fleets who have already switched from AOBRDs to ELDs give their advice on the transition.


FMCSA Proposed Changes to Create Flexibility in HOS Rules

Learn the implications of FMCSA's recently proposed changes to the hours-of-service rules.


ELD Annotations: Exemptions

Read this compliance brief for suggested annotations that explain log exemption edits.